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Emissions

Dilution-Extractive Continuous Emission Monitoring System

Probes
  • Environnement S.A:
    A continuous sample of gas in the stack is extracted by a dilution probe by means of a critical orifice and pneumatic ejector mounted inside the probe.br> Very low sampling rate, avoiding any clogging problem, and immediate dilution at the sampling point.
    Connection (up to 150m) by an uncomplicated unheated line.
    Zeroing and calibration carried out at stack temperature and flow conditions, checking simultaneously all elements of the system.
    Multiprobes : from 1 to 4 probes connected to a single set of analyzers
    Probe flue gas temperature standard : 400C with quartz orifice : 600C
    Materials : special INCONEL, SS316 ; pyrex orifice, quartz orifice.
    Probe length : standard 2 feet or longer upon option.
    Dilution rate : 15/1 to 350/1 according to the critical orifice (sample flow rate from 20 ml/mn to 500 ml/mn)
    Dilution probe
  • Thermo Electron Corporation:
    1. The Model 797 Dilution System performs four critical functions to prepare the sample from the stack, so that it can be measured accurately and precisely by the analyzer. The system uses an air driven aspirator which extracts the sample from the stack. it is then passed conseculatively through a coarse and fine particulate filter, a preselected glass or quartz critical orifice and diluted with the air from the aspirator. This process has now reduced the dew point of the stack sample to below that of the ambient air.
      Low extractive flow rates, promotes loong filter life
      No need for heated sample line in most cases
      Diluted sample is transported at positive pressure
      Can be used in explosion proof areas
      Easy dynamic in-situ calibration at total dilution system
      Can be used with any exisiting ambient air analyzer
      Manual or optional automatic blow back, backflushes coarse filter
      Optional probe heater
      Available in several corrosion resistant materials
      Model 797 - Diluting Stack Sampler
    2. The Out of Stack Dilution System is designed for emission monitoring applications where in-stack dilution probe system is impractical. It uses the same basic sampling technology as our popular conventional in-situ dilution probe, yet all critical parts are mounted externally for quick access and easy maintenance.
      Designed for easy access to consumable and replacement parts
      Heated sampling utilizes dual 400 W heaters
      Easy dynamic in-situ calibration
      Low sample flow rate utilizes bypass pump for sampling protection
      Corrosion resistant design, available in 316L stainless steel, Inconel 600 and Hastelloy C-22
      Selectable dilution ratios
      Blowback part for manual or automatic operation
      Model 797.381 - Out of Stack Diluting Sampler
    3. The PRO902C External Low Flow Dilution Probe handles the toughest environments while offering significant advantages over typical in-stack dilution probes. The Low Flow Probe meets EPA requirements as defined in 40 CFR 75 and 40 CFR 60 for continuous emissions monitoring, using dilution extractive technology for dry basis measurement.
      Probe Barrel: Corrosion resistant material. Consult TEI for lengths over 6'
      Heated Filter: 0.1 micron glass fiber element, temperature controlled at 300F (146C)
      Sample Orifice: Quartz glass, temperature controlled at 300F (149C)
      Dilution Eductor: Torlon, Stainless Steel, or suitable material. Sample flow rate of approximately 100 cc/min., dilution air flow rate of approximately 5 liters/minute, heated eductor temperature 300F +/- 2F (149C), eductor vacuum greater than 15" Hg
      Calibration Line: (1/4)" (0.64 cm) OD Teflon
      Diluted Sample Dew Point: 0F to -35F (-18C to -37C) depending on dilution ratio
      Dilution Ratios: Between 20:1 and 200:1 are standard
      Instrument Air Requirement: Clean, dry air at -40F (-40C) dew point
      PRO902C Modular External Low Flow Dilution Probe
    4. The Model 83i consists of a dilution probe, inertial filter, and a proprietary dry converter/scrubber housed in an insulated NEMA 4X stainless steel enclosure. The probe has been specifically designed for monitoring mercury emissions from coal-fired power plants and waste incinerators. Artifacts due to interactions with the fly ash are minimized using a high-flow, sintered-metal inertial filter to provide a particle-free, vapor-phase sample for analysis. Automated blow-back helps to ensure trouble-free continuous operation, and all components exposed to sample gas are glass-coated to prevent reactions with mercury.
      To prevent sample condensation, all key components (inertial filter, eductor, dilution module, and venturi) are further enclosed in a heated aluminum cabinet. The converter/scrubber converts oxidized forms of mercury to elemental mercury while removing interfering gases from the sample stream. Weighing only 92 pounds, the probe has been designed for easier maintenance and service. Latched panels are easily removed from three sides of the probe allowing quick access to the interior. Inside, the components are so easily accessed that they can be serviced or removed in a matter of minutes.
      Model 83i Mercury Probe / Converter
  • Tyco Environmental Systems:
    Dry thermo catalytic method, Dilution and Conversion done at the Stack, Sample dilution and scrubber which eliminates interference from matrix gases like SO2, HCl, NOx, No risk of losing ionic mercury as only Elemental Mercury is transported to the analyzer, Prepared for temporary or fixed installation of an ionic calibration HgCl2 Hg(0) NIST traceable.
    Operating Principle: A flanged probe is mounted at the stack. It is connected to the analyzer unit with a sample line that is heated to approx. 20-40 C. The sample gas is drawn into the dilution unit by an ejector pump, passing a heated (500 C) ceramic filter. A critical orifice stabilizes the sample flow; a sensor continuously controls the suction vacuum. The sample filter is cleaned automatically. A part of the diluted sample is passed through the heated catalyst where the different forms of mercury of the sample are converted into the elemental form.
    Ducon-MI SM4 Mercury CEMS

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